SIDE MEETING

SE018

Implementation Research to Accelerate National NCD Responses

Meeting Organizer

World Health Organization (WHO)

Global Alliance for Chronic Diseases

Contact Person : Tea Collins, collinst@who.int

29 January 2019
09:00 - 17:30 hrs.
Venue : Lotus Suite 4

Open to All Participants

BACKGROUND :

Noncommunicable diseases: a major public health and development challenge Almost two-thirds of deaths worldwide are due to noncommunicable diseases (NCDs). Four main NCDs account for the majority of these deaths: cardiovascular diseases, chronic respiratory diseases, cancer and diabetes. These four main categories of chronic NCDs share common modifiable behavioral risk factors, including tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity and harmful use of alcohol – all of which can be particularly hard to tackle and present a formidable challenge to governments and health systems globally. This challenge is greater in low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where resources are already overstretched, where affected communities can be hard to reach, and where local context may be very different from that in which a policy or intervention to tackle NCDs has proven to be effective. The knowledge - action gap Despite robust scientific evidence on NCD prevention and control, a significant knowledge-to-action gap remains. Understanding how to implement interventions effectively is vital in developing ambitious national responses in order to meet the NCD-related targets included in the Global Action Plan and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. Implementation challenges emerge when efforts are made to translate evidence into practice in a different context, where the original research did not occur, or interventions are applied to a population that is vastly varied in demographics. Hence, irrespective of the fact that cost-effective, life-saving interventions exist to confront many health challenges, particularly NCDs, there is a lack of evidence on how best to deliver those interventions across a full range of existing health systems and diverse populations. The failure to optimize proven interventions and effectively implement them may have devastating consequences resulting in the unnecessary loss of lives and increasing the premature death toll from NCDs. Implementation research can help close these gaps and ensure effective implementation of policies and interventions in various contexts.

OBJECTIVES :

Objectives The WHO GCM/NCD all-day seminar on implementation research will gather global and national health leaders to discuss the role of implementation research to help countries build capacities to accelerate the national NCD responses in order to achieve SDG target 3.4 on NCDs. The session will also explore the role of different actors to implement the 2030 Agenda and the high-level political commitments on NCDs, as well as the importance of implementation science to address the challenges that multisectoral and multistakeholder collaboration presents. Expected outputs/outcomes - Improved understanding of the importance of implementation research and its role in accelerating country-level action to meet the targets of the WHO Global Action Plan (2013-2020) and the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development (SDG 3.4). - Appreciation of the roles and responsibilities of different stakeholders to move the NCD agenda forward at local, national, regional and global levels - Understanding the role of implementation research in identifying and addressing challenges that multisectoral and multistakeholder collaboration may present - Shared experiences and best practices at global and national levels from researchers who have been involved in implementation research for NCDs - Identification of the ways and means to support local capacity building and ensure sustainable predictable financing of NCD implementation research in countries