The rising trend of NCDs is influenced by the consumption of tobacco, alcohol, unhealthy diets, physical inactivity and compounded by poverty, unfair trade, and environmental pollution. In order to safeguard public interests, it is imperative to build the enabling environment for ethical behaviors and practices. The global community should collectively invest in building institutional capabilities promoting transparency and accountability in addressing these risk factors and determinants.
Ethical systems reflect good governance, rule of law, accountability, transparency, responsiveness and effective management of conflict of interests. Various tools such as mandatory public reporting, regulatory systems and tools including self-regulation, surveillance and monitoring can be applied.
• Define the ethical system which supports the national response to NCDs;
• Discuss ways to build institutional capabilities for ethical conduct and decision making;
• Outline the range of tools and regulatory mechanisms to support strategic choices in support of public interest;
• Highlight efforts required to build the enabling environment for professional ethics in all relevant sectors in support of the national response to NCDs.
Professor of Population Nutrition and Global Health
University of Auckland
Department of Nutrition, School of Public Health, University of Sao Paulo